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nūhou

Ma ʻOkakopa 5, e like me ka nūhou i paʻi ʻia ma ka pūnaewele official o ka Nobel Prize, ua lanakila pū ka ʻatikala Nobel 2020 ma Physiology a me Medicine e ʻekolu ʻepekema. Wahi a nā hōʻike, ua loaʻa i nā mea ʻekolu ka lanakila i nā ʻike hou, ʻike ʻia ka maʻi hepitis C, ua hoʻāʻo ʻia ke koko a me nā hoʻomohala lāʻau hou, a ua hoʻopakele i nā ola he miliona.
Mai ka makana Nobel ma Physiology a i ʻole Medicine i hāʻawi mua ʻia i 1901, ua hāʻawi ʻia 110 manawa. I kēia manawa, aia he 219 lanakila o ka Nobel Prize ma Physiology a i ʻole Kauka, a ʻaʻohe mea i lanakila i ka makana i ʻelua mau manawa. Hoike ia mai. Ua hoʻonui ʻia ka makana no ka Nobel Prize hoʻokahi i 10 miliona Kuekene Suwor (ma kahi o RMB 7.6 miliona), kahi hoʻonui o 1 miliona Kuekene Suwor ma luna o 2019.
ʻO nā lāʻau Hepatitis C i hoʻopili ʻia i ka inikua olakino
ʻO ka maʻi C i komo i loko o ka Nobel Prize hiki ke hana i ka hepatitis C viral hepatitis, i kapa ʻia he hepatitis C. Wahi a nā helu WHO, aia ma kahi o 180 miliona mau kānaka ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa i loaʻa i ka maʻi hepitis C, a aia ma kahi o 3 miliona a 4 miliona mau maʻi hou. i kēlā me kēia makahiki. ʻO ka nui o ka make mai 35,000 a 50,000. Ma mua o 40 miliona mau kānaka i ko mākou ʻāina e halihali nei i ka maʻi.
Hoʻomaopopo ʻia ka manawa incubation o ka maʻi hepitis C he 2 mau pule a 6 mau mahina, no laila ʻaʻole 80% o nā mea maʻi ma hope o ka maʻi ʻana i ka maʻi hepatitis C, akā hana malū ka maʻi i ka maʻi a holoi mau i ke ake. Ma hope o ka maʻi ʻana i ka maʻi hepatitis C, ma kahi o 15% o ka poʻe hiki ke hoʻomaʻemaʻe i ka maʻi ma o lākou iho, akā 85% o nā mea maʻi maʻi e holomua i ka maʻi hepatitis C. me ka ʻole o ka lapaʻau, 10% a 15% o nā mea maʻi e hoʻomohala i ka cirrhosis ma kahi o 20 mau makahiki ma hope maʻi, a me ka hoʻomohala hou o ka holomua cirrhosis hiki i ka hopena o ke ake a me ke ake maʻi ʻaʻai.
ʻOiai ʻo 60% a 90% o nā maʻi i loaʻa i ka maʻi HCV hiki ke hoʻōla ʻia, ʻo kekahi o nā ʻano hana e hoʻomaʻamaʻa hou ai i kahi helu hoʻōla kokoke i 100%. Minamina, ma kahi o 3% a i 5% o ka poʻe i hiki ke loaʻa i ka lāʻau kūpono.
Ma Ianuali 1 i kēia makahiki, ua hoʻokō ʻia ka mana hou o ka "National Basic Medical Insurance, Insurance Injury Insurance and Maternity Insurance Drug Catalog". Ua hāʻule nui nā kumukūʻai o nā lāʻau he nui. Ma waena o nā lāʻau hou he 70 i hoʻohui hou ʻia, ʻo "Bingtongsha" a me "Zebidah" ​​"Xia Fanning" ʻekolu mau lāʻau hepatitis C i hoʻokomo ʻia i ka papa inoa inikua olakino no ka manawa mua, me ka hoʻemi awelika o ke kumukūʻai ma mua o 85%, e uhi ana i nā maʻi genotype āpau.
Ke ʻike nei he pilikia nō ka mea maʻi
ʻO ka maʻi hepitis C he maʻi maʻi lawe ʻia i ke koko. ʻO ke ala maʻi i like me ke ʻano o ka hepatitis B. Hoʻouna pinepine ʻia ia ma o ke koko, pili kolohe, a me ka lawe ʻana o ka makuahine a ke keiki. ʻO ke kahe o ke koko ke ala lawe nui no ka maʻi hepitis C. I nā makahiki i hala aku nei, ʻoiai ka nui o ka make mai nā maʻi kūpilikiʻi e like me tuberculosis, AIDS, a me malaria ua hōʻole āpau, ʻo ka nui o ka make mai nā maʻi hepatitis viral i hoʻopaʻa i ke ʻano. I loko o nā makahiki he 15 mai ka 2000 a hiki i ka 2015, ua hoʻonui ʻia ka nui o nā make mai ka maʻi hepatitis viral e 22%, a hiki i ka 134 i kēlā me kēia 10,000 poʻe, ʻoi aku ka nui o nā make no ka maʻi SIDA.
Kuhikuhi nā loea i ka hūnā kiʻekiʻe kahi kumu nui i alakaʻi ʻia i ka nui o ka make e pili ana i ka maʻi hepitis C. ʻAʻole ʻike ka hapa nui o nā mea maʻi he maʻi lākou. ʻAʻohe o ka maʻi hepatitis C maʻi i hōʻike ʻia i ka wā mua, kahi e alakaʻi ai i ka loaʻa lohi a me ka mālama ʻana o nā mea maʻi. Ma kahi o 80% o ka poʻe i loaʻa i ka maʻi i ʻike ʻole ʻia a hiki i ka wā e hoʻomohala ai lākou i ka cirrhosis decompensated a me ka maʻi ʻaʻai ate.
I koʻu ʻāina, kumu nui ʻia ka maʻi ʻaʻai ate e ka maʻi hepitis B a me ka maʻi hepitis C, a ʻo 10% o ka maʻi ʻaʻai ate i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka maʻi hepitis B, a ʻo ka maʻi ʻaʻai ate i hoʻokumu ʻia e ka maʻi hepa C he 80% ia. Minamina, nui nā maʻi hepitis C i hoʻomohala i ka cirrhosis o ke ake a i ʻole ke kanesa maʻi ate ke ʻike ʻia lākou, a ua hoʻonui nui ʻia ke kumukūʻai o ka mālama ʻana. No nā mea maʻi me ka decompensated cirrhosis ate, inā ʻaʻole mālama ʻia lākou i ka manawa, ʻo ka helu ola ʻelima mau makahiki he 25% wale nō. No laila, ʻo ka loiloi mua ʻana, ka ʻike mua ʻana, a me ka mālama mua ʻana he mea nui ia i ka pale a me ka mālama ʻana i ka maʻi hepitis C.
E pili ana i kēia, ua kuhikuhi ka poʻe loea he mea pono e ʻike i nā mea maʻi i ka manawa kūpono, e nānā pono i nā hui ʻoi loa ka pilikia, a e nānā pono i nā pūʻulu kūlana kiʻekiʻe ma o ka pāpāho a me nā keʻena olakino. ʻ suggestlelo ka poʻe ʻoihana e pono i nā poʻe i loaʻa ka mōʻaukala o ke kahe ʻana o ke koko a me nā hāʻawi koko i nā makahiki 1990 a ma mua, he mau moekolohe kolohe kiʻekiʻe, ka moʻolelo o ka hoʻowalewale lāʻau hoʻowalewale, a me nā hui kūpona kiʻekiʻe loa o ka hoʻokaʻa koko e pono e hoʻokō i ka "kapeti kānana "no nā mea maʻi me ka maʻi hepa C, AIDS a me nā maʻi ʻē aʻe e uhi pū ʻia nā lālā ʻohana o nā lālā āpau no ka loiloi.
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Ka manawa o ka manawa: Mei-17-2021